Badges - Medals

The green and khaki coloured puggaree hat band of the NZMR Brigade
of the First World War has gone full circle as these colours (and the mounted rifleman's hat),
has been re-introduced into the New Zealand Army as the official headwear for all troops.
Above: the 3rd Auckland Mounted Rifles hat badge with the accompanying collar badge
(right hand collar only), with front tunic buttons and the smaller sleeve and pocket buttons
all made of brass - originally manufactured by J.R. Gaunt & sons of London, but many copies were
made also in Egypt by enterprising local tradesmen.


Charles Mackesy
in dress uniform prior to departure to Gallipoli. Below a close up of the Boar's Head collar badges of the NAMR and the pleated jacket folds. Collar badges had left and right sides with the Boar's head facing inwards.





Lions Head slouch hat clip
was attached to the side of the
crown and a loop on chin strap came over the brim and was hooked onto the Lions tounge.
The "slouch Hat" style had been discontinued before the "En Zeds" arrived in Egypt in 1915.




New Zealand Mounted Rifles
Reinforcements hat badge.
Each reinforcement sent to the Great War carried a intake number embossed on collar badges.

Squadron Badges of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade

3rd Auckland
Auckland Mounted Rifles
4th Waikato

11th North Auckland

2nd Queen Alexandra's Mtd Rifles

Wellington Mounted Rifles
6th Manawatu Mounted Rifles

9th Wellington East Coast
1st Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry
1st Canterbury Mounted Rifles

Canterbury Mounted Rifles

8th South Canterbury

10th Nelson Mounted Rifles

5th Otago Mounted Rifles
Otago Mounted Rifles

12th Otago Mounted Rifles

7th Southland Mounted Rifles

Veterinarian's collar badges

The Pagan Gods of Rome linger on in folklore in most Western societies, long after the rise of the modern religions of Christianity and Islam.
In the First World War the men of the 9th East Coast Mounted Rifles carried the ancient phrase "Fortes Fortuna Juvat" - (Fortune Favours the Brave) blazoned on their Squadron Hat Badges.
The phrase is from Terence's play "Phormio", written in the second century B.C.

The Roman Goddess Fortuna was the "Goddess of Luck" and she was influential in many aspects of Roman pagan life - 'Fortuna Redux' protected the traveller on the road home, 'Fortuna Annonaria' brought luck to the harvest.
'Fortuna Belli' brought fortune on the battlefield. She wore a Centurions helmet, carried a spear in her right hand and covered he eyes with a blindfold. She was also the Goddess of Fate - and for those who could see her smile in battle brought continuing life and luck - for others her frown meant death.

The reference to the ancient Gods did not stop at military insignia - all the New Zealand soldiers were "forced" to pay homage to "King Neptune" as they crossed the Equator en route to the hostilities.

Above: 9th East Coast Squadron Hat Badge from the Wellington Mounted Rifles Regiment sits over a postcard, franked without payment of postage that was allowed for the men to send messages home while "On Active Service". On the left, a certificate issued to a trooper as proof of involvement in the traditional rituals of humourous pursuits bestowed upon those unfortunate enough to have never "Crossed the Line" before. The ceremony of King Neptune coming aboard a ship at the Equator was the ship's crew traditional way of entertaining travellers after the many uneventful weeks at sea.
Notes: "Fortes Fortuna Juvat" has been adopted as a motto by a number of military units:-
It is the motto of the Sri Lanka Navy's Special Boat Squadron.
It is the motto of the Danish Army's Jydske Dragonregiment.
It is the motto of the British Army's Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th, 33rd/76th Foot).
It is the motto of the United States Marine Corps 3rd Infantry Regiment. (active from 20th December 1916)