NUMBERS: The figures and cost of war


No members of the NZMR Brigade were awarded Britain's highest award for valour, The Victoria Cross Medal during World War One. During the South African "Boer War" a V.C. was awarded to Trooper William Hardman of the "Rough Riders" - Later Hardman landed at Gallipoli as an officer with the Wellington Mounted Rifles.

Only one "Victoria Cross"  Medal was awarded to a New Zealand soldier serving with the NZEF on Gallipoli during 1915.  That was to signalman Corporal Cyril Royston Guyton Bassett. He was awarded the highest honour :
“For most conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on the Chunuk Bair ridge in the Gallipoli Peninsula on the 7th August, 1915.  However New Zealanders serving with other units were awarded the V.C. for their adoptive Australian regiments.

Only one horse returned to New Zealand from the original Main Body that departed in October 1914. That horse was named "Bess" the mount of Lieut-Col Guy Powles. (source: NEF archives).

The NZMR Brigade served as mounted units in two campaigns in the Middle East.  The Gallipoli Campaign during 1915 and then the Sinai-Palestine Campaign from 1916 until the end of the war in October 1918.
The NZMR  Brigade was made up from three regiments - The Auckland Mounted Rifles, The Wellington Mounted Rifles and the Canterbury Mounted Rifles.
4 Blockhouses.
"On the Western Front during May preliminary measures for the occupation of the Baharia Oasis have been in progress. A line of blockhouses has been established along the Darb el Rubi which runs due west from Samalut on the Nile. Four blockhouses were completed and occupied by 23rd May. Work on the two remaining blockhouses has been postponed till the railway has reached a point where it can materially assist in the supply of stores: this should be about the end of June." (source: General Murray, despatch sep 1916).
During the magnificent attack by the NZMR Brigade on Turkish entrenched positions at what was to become the Action of Ayun Kara - 5 officers and 39 other ranks were killed during the attack. 12 officers and 129 other ranks were wounded, 41 horses killed and 22 wounded. The enemy force was estimated at 1500 men with 18 machine guns. (source: Two Campaigns - Nicol.)
A total of 7 Medical Officers (Doctors) aboard the NZ Hospital ship "Maheno" 5282 tons. Also aboard a nursing staff of 59 other ranks (Orderlies) and 10 nurses. Capacity 340 cot cases.
The 15th Company of the Cameliers sustained 10 casualties in their first engagement, at the Battle of Magdabah, Sinai Desert. All ten casualties were wounded. (Robertson: The Cameliers)
Transporter troop ships were sent from New Zealand with the Main Body at the outbreak of the Great War.  They were the Steam Ships: "Maunganui" "Hawkes Bay" "Star of India" "Limerick" "Tahiti" "Arawa" "Athentic" "Orari" "Ruapehu" and "Waimana"
The CanterburyMounteds left Palestine November 1918 at the end of the war to occupy Gallipoli–a proud distinction, though 11 men died there of sickness.(source: 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand)
H.M.N.Z.T. No. 12  was the S.S.Waimana of 10,389 tons, speed of 14 knots and when she departed with the Main Body in 1914 she carried the majority of the Auckland Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment and 496 horses.
13 miles of railwayline destroyed -1917.
"one brigade of the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division, with demolition parties from the field squadrons of both mounted divisions, moved to Esani. During the night of the 22nd/23rd. this force marched on the railway at Asluj and Hadaj by way of Khalasa. Khalasa( ...) Thus 13 miles of railway line were completely destroyed, each pair of rails being cut in the centre. One 6-span bridge near Hasaniya, one 12-span bridge over the Wadi el Abiad, a viaduct over the Wadi Theigat el Amiria, and (between Thamiliat el Rashid and Asluj) one 18-arched bridge, one 5-arched bridge, one 3-arched bridge, one 2-arched bridge and two culverts were completely destroyed. All the points and switches at Asluj Railway Station were destroyed. A considerable number of telegraph posts were cut down, wires cut and insulators broken. " - (source: General Murray's despatch Nov 1917.)
Auckland Mounteds killed in the attack on Ayun Kara in Turkish Palestine. The A.M.R. lost heavily, 15 being killed, including the gallant Lieutenant J. D. Stewart, of the 3rd squadron; 74 wounded, including Lieutenant-Colonel McCarroll, Captain Twistleton, M.C., and Lieutenants K. J. Tait, M.C., S. C. Reid,G. L. King, C. G. R. Jackson, and E. A.H. Bisley. Captain Twistleton and Lieutenant King died of wounds. The W.M.R. lost 8 killed and 44 wounded; the C.M.R., one killed and six wounded; and the machine-gun squadron, eight killed and 18 wounded. (source "Two Campaigns")
NZMR killed in the attack on Rafa. The New Zealand Brigade lost 17 killed and 92 wounded, the list for the A.M.R. being four killed, three died of wounds, and 41 wounded. The wounded included Major Whitehorn, Captain Aidred, and Captain Finlayson. (source "Two Campaigns")
On December 11th, General Allenby made his formal entry into Jerusalem, all units were present. 20 New Zealanders made the 40 mile ride to be present (source: Waikato Troopers - Stowers.)
(22 prisoners at one gun enplacement at Rafa) " In getting into a position well forward and where the led horses could be left, the Auckland Regiment galloped over some out-lying trenches, and two German Officers and some 20 Turks were captured. Two of the latter attempted to run away, but Major McCarroll cut one down with his sword and severely wounded him." (source: NZSP-powell).
24 enemy killed 23rd May 1916.
" New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, one regiment of Australian Light Horse, and a sub-section of the Ayrshire Battery R.H.A., attacked the enemy's post at Bir Salmana, 20 miles E.N.E. of Qatia. The post was surrounded before dawn, and an enemy post on the Ganadil road was rushed, while a camel detachment was seen making off to the south-east. The enemy lost 15 men killed and 2 men captured. Our cavalry pursued till 8 a.m. when the pursuit was taken up by aeroplanes which bombed scattered parties with effect, killing 20 camels and 8 more men. The force returned, having covered 60 miles in 36 hours besides fighting an engagement. The only casualties were two men slightly wounded." (source: General Murray, despatch sep 1916)
The formation of a patrol will depend on the ground to be covered...Unnessary dispersion is to be avoided; but when liable to surprise, as in passing through a wood or village, it is desirable for the men to follow one another at about 30 yards distance rather than ride together. They can thus better see and assist each other, and avoid being cut off. source: p120 "Manual for Mounted Rifles 1895".)
Military Medals for bravery awarded to black troops of the British West Indies Regiment, also awarded were 5 DSOs, 9 MCs, 2 MBEs, 8 DCMs, and 49 Mentions in Dispatches.
Ships sailed from Albany, Western Australia, with the Main Body of ANZAC Troops for the Great War in Europe.The convoy reached Alexandria December 1914.
(44 deaths recorded initially at the action of Ayun Kara, 14th November 1917, however 6 other men subsequently died of wounds)
" The casualties suffered by the Brigade in this action were 5 officers and 39 other ranks killed, and 12 officers and 129 other ranks wounded, 41 horses killed and 22 wounded." - (source: NZSP - Powell).

"On December 26th, 1915, 62 officers and 1329 other ranks (NZMR) arrived at Alexandria from Gallipoli, under the command of Brigadier-General E. W. C. Chaytor, C.B., and travelled by rail to Cairo, and returned to their old camp at Zeitoun, where the horses had been kept in the best of condition by a devoted band of transport drivers and reinforcements, assisted by native labour." (source: "New Zealanders in Sinai and Palestine" - Powell.

In the desert heat after the Beersheba attack the Auckland Mounted Rifles account noted - it was recorded that one AMR horse had not had a drink of water for 72 hours and had lain down to die.  The Cameliers had come up to support the Aucklanders and had brought only very little water with them, and could only spare 1 pint per man - "while the issue was being made, the old pack-horse struggled to his feet and over to the group -'Shout the old chap a pint' said a trooper"  amazingly the horse recovered and with one other pint was able to march back to Beersheba.  (source: "Two Campaigns").
A loss of 700–800 horses on the voyage of the Main Body had been predicted; but only 77 died. (source: 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand)
After the war 81 horses went with the Canterbury Mounted Rifles back to Gallipoli.  The fate of the horses is unknown.(Devils on Horses - Kinloch)
The longest period where horses went without water in the desert campaign was recorded as 84 hours.
In response to the question asked by the G.H.Q Director of Veterinary Services was answered by General Edward Chaytor of the NZMR, who replied: "One cable wagon team from D.H.Q. was without water for a period of 84 hours. (b) Several regiments in the two Australian Brigades were without water for a period of 60 hours. (c) The N.Z.M.R. Brigade was without water for 72 hours." (nicol)
"During one week in June 100 hostile aeroplanes crossed our lines."
General Allenby comments on the secrecy required to keep the enemy ignorant of the upcoming attack towards Damascus. His dispatch dated October 31st. (post war)
"The process of wearing down the enemy's aircraft had been going on all through the summer. During one week in June 100 hostile aeroplanes had crossed our lines. During the last week in August this number had decreased to eighteen. Inthe next few days a number were shot down, with the result that only four ventured to cross our lines during the period of concentration."
The highest number of horses killed in any one month in the NZMR on active service was 108 killed in the month of November 1917. Other high equine casualties were 41 killed April 1917, 57 killed April 1918 and 63 killed March 1918.(Devils on Horses- NZMRB files)
127 degrees F - On 16th May 1916 a troop of the 2nd Squadron Wellington MR reconnoitred towards the Sabhket El Bardawil - a low-lying stretch of land referred to by Milton as the "Serbonian Bog," which once formed the bed of an arm of the River Nile and ran past the ancient town of Pelusium. The heat on this day was abnormal, the thermometer in the hospital tent at Et Maler registered 127 degrees in the shade. (52.7 degrees celsius) (official WMR)
140 Military Post Officers were established in the Middle East stretching from Mersina to Assiut and from Sollumn to Amman to handle mail sent to and from the servicemen. The personnel of all sections totals: British 25 Officers, 564 men; Australian, 1 Officer, 57 men; New Zealand 12 men; Indian, 18 British Officers, 29 other ranks, and 257 Indian Officers and other ranks.
The average number of bags received weekly for the troops from overseas reached:-
British: Bags - 2,500 letters, 2,350 parcels - total 4,850 bags a week.
Australian: Bags - 632 letters, 1,339 parcels - total 1,971 bags a week.
New Zealand: Bags - 130 letters, 270 parcels - total 400 bags a week.
Indian: Bags - 20 letters, 20 parcels - total 40 bags a week.
(source: Allenby "The Advance of the EEF" page 93)
185 British West Indies troops killed or died of wounds, 697 wounded and 1,071 died due to sickness in WWI.
There was a total of one hundred and ninety-one sets of brothers who both perished on Gallipoli in a campaign that lasted just over eight months.(gallipoli Ass.)
Previous to the operations against Gaza in 1917, the Main Railway Line from Kantara across the Sinai to Kilometer 226.2 had been laid and was opened as far as Belah Station. (Allenby - "The Advance of the EEF" page 90)
In six months 230 men were evacuated to hospital from the New Zealand Machine Gunners with Malaria, the equivelent of its entire strength. (Devils on Horses p394-Luxford)
Other ranks and 6 Officers with the New Zealand Rarotongan Company.
Beds established at the Aotea Home for convalescing troopers in the suburb of Heliopolis, Cairo by 1918.  The rest home opened with 25 beds on the 25th November 1915.
268 Donkey casualties in 1917 and 1918. During Sep and Oct 1917 the formation of D.T.C. (Donkey Transport Companies) took place. In November the first of the companies, No.1 DTC moved from Rafa to the front. 3 Companies were established (1,2,3) and were mainly used in road making. The winter of 1917 caused huge problems. The figures are:
1917: Killed 5, Wounded 5, Died of Wounds 2, Died of Exposure 233.
1918: Killed 9, Wounded 12, Died of Wounds nil, Died of exposure 2. A total 268 animals.
(Source: Allenby, "The Advance of the EEF" - Offical Sources)
320 pounds or 150 Kilos was the weight carried by each Camel of the I.C.C. The equipment of this fine body of men included the ‘Dhurra’ bag carrying five days grain for the camel, and a cylindrical five-gallon tank holding the rider’s five days water supply. Food for five days and spare clothing, were carried in a canvas ‘‘Pikau’’ bag slung over the saddle. Strapped over all were blankets, overcoat, rifle and all, including the man. (nzsp)
three hundred and forty-six officers and men of the Imperial Camel Corps died during the Sinai Palestine campaign. Killed in Action, Died of Wounds or Died of Disease. (Roberstson: Cameliers).
On July 30th 1915 The WMR Regiment at Anzac was, quote: "at this stage was still very weak numerically, the parade state being 24 officers and 338 other ranks fit for duty - nearly 200 short of full strength." (official WMR)
Before the attack on Gaza and its complicated trench systems, the Survey Company via the R.A.F. and the Australian Flying Corps compiled detailed maps covering 403 Squre Miles of aerial photography. A total of 3,000 photographs were taken of the Gaza area.
(source: Allenby "The Advance of the EEF" page 88)
The strength of the Wellington M.R. on landing at Anzac Cove was 25 officers and 451 other ranks.(official WMR)
500 Prisioners, the night of the 3/4th August 1916..
"New Zealand mounted troops, with some Yeomanry, began to attack Mount Royston from the west. This attack was pressed slowly forward, and was accompanied, in spite of heavy fire from the enemy, by a general move forward of the cavalry. By 3.30 p.m. two battalions of the E. Lancashire Regiment, closely followed by a third, were on the march southwards from Pelusium Station, and by 4 p.m. all the troops were ordered to press forward for the counter-attack and gain and hold the line Mount Royston-Wellington Ridge. By 6.30 p.m. Mount Royston, with about 500 prisoners, some machine guns, and a battery of mountain artillery were in our hands." (Source: General Maxwell, despatch Sep 1916).
Horses in each of the three regiments in the Brigade. Additional horses were 321 mounts with the Machinegun Squadrons, 36 with the Signal Troop, 67 with the Field Troop, 127 with the Mounted Field Ambulance and 28 further horses with the Mobile Vet Section.
New Zealand nurses served overseas during WWI.  (AWNews)
728 horses left NZ with the WMR on HMNZT Orari for Egypt 1914. (official WMR).
820 Miles (or 1.300km) the distance of the  Hejaz Railway. (sometimes spelt Hedjaz). Construction on the line began in 1900, and was meant to be laid from Damascus to the holy city of Mecca - however disruptions caused by WWI meant the track was only ever laid as far as south as Medina. Track gague 1050mm. The railway was noted for having many miles of track laid below sea level. (Hedjaz Railway, R. Tourret,)
1,056 NZMR horses survived the desert campaign of the Sinai and well into the Palestinecampaign of 1917. On June 17th a report was sent in to Divisional Headquarters showing the numbers of “original” horses still with the regiments.
These original horses were horses from Australia or New Zealand and which crossed the Canal in April, 1916, with the brigades. The return is as follows :— 1st L. H. Brigade, 671; 2nd L.H. Brigade, 742: N.Z.M.R. Brigade, 1056. All brigades had suffered much the same The brigadiers concurred in that the ideal horse should be from 15 to 15.3 and as near 15 hands as possible and should be stout and cobby and if possible with plenty of blood.
except from "The New Zealanders in Sinai and Palestine" Powles.
Prisioners captured after the fall of Magdabah 20th December 1916.  This included 43 Officers.  Also taken: 10,000 rounds of S.A.A., 1052 rifles, 40 Horses, 50 Camels, 4 machineguns and various other supplies including precious water.  (nzsp)
Mounted Riflemen arrived back in Egypt from the failed Gallipoli Campaign on December 26th 1915. Comprising of 62 Officers and 1329 other ranks of the brigade.
(1,528 total prisoners taken at Beersheba)
" This charge completed the discomforture of the Turk who had been giving way for some hours before the infantry attack from the west; and the town was soon in our hands. In the town were captured 58 officers, 1090 other ranks, 10 field guns, and four machine guns, besides a huge quantity of military stores, an aerodrome, andmuch railway roiling stock. The total captures for the Mounted Corps for the day were 70 officers and 1458 other ranks." (source: NZSP).
The total number of prisoners taken at Rafa amounted to 1,635, while the losses on the British side were 487 all told. The casualties of the 15th N.Z. Company I.C.C. consisted of one officer and two other ranks killed, and nineteen other ranks wounded. Source: Robertson: The Cameliers)
The New Zealand Mounted Rifles suffered some 1,700 casualties in all, including over 500 dead during the Sinai Campaign.(source: 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand)
The strength of the New Zealand Brigade was approximately 1,850 men and 2,200 horses, although the unit was often much below this strength in the field as regards men. The New Zealand unit formed, together with the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigades, the Anzac Mounted Division, although later in the campaign, after the capture of Rafa, the 3rd Light Horse were
detached to make up another Division. (source: "The Mounted Riflemen in Sinai and Palestine" - Briscoe Moore.

"In the course of 1915, 2,230 Egyptian reservists, who had been called up, were employed on works connected with the Canal defences; a number of Egyptian officers from pension and unemployed lists volunteered for service with these reservists and gave valuable assistance. A works battalion of six companies was formed in May, 1915, for service at the Dardanelles, the battalion and the companies being, commanded by British officers in the employ of the Egyptian Army. This unit did excellent work, under perpetual shell-fire, on the Peninsula during the four months of its employment." (source: General Maxwell, despatch Sep 1916).

New Zealand soldiers killed during the Gallipoli campaign 1915.
During the second disasterous British Infantry attack on Gaza, English General Dobell's 54th Division had 2,875 killed, wounded and missing. One Brigade of the 52nd Division had 1,000 casualties out of 2,500 men. (Robertson: Cameliers)
The whole of the Imperial Camel Corps was mounted on camels, of which well over three thousand were required to mount the men, and carry the transport. These animals, if following each other head to tail, would make a column over eight miles long. No wheeled vehicles of any sort were attached to the Corps. (Robertson: With the Cameliers in Palestine)
3,815 horses departed NZ with the Main Body, as it was later called. They sailed from Wellington in 10 transports on 16 October, linked with an even larger Australian contingent, and at sea were redirected to Egypt. A loss of 700–800 horses on the voyage had been predicted; but only 77 died..(source: 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand)
4,000 casualities at Gaza1. - " The total result of the first battle of Gaza, which gave us 950 Turkish and German prisoners and two Austrian field guns, caused the enemy losses which I estimate at 8,000 and cost us under 4,000 casualties, of which a large proportion were only slightly wounded, was that my primary and secondary objects were completely attained, but that the failure to attain the third object-—the capture of Gaza—owing to the delay caused by fog on the 26th and the waterless nature of the country round Gaza, prevented a most successful operation from being a complete disaster to the enemy. " - General Murray, despatch 20th Nov 1917.
Australian troops were taken prisoner of war, of which 397 died while captive. Sources: The War Office, Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire During the Great War, 1914-1920, (London 1922) AWM133 Nominal Roll of the AIF abroad AWM144 Roll of Honour Cards, First World War
Light horsemen from Australia, New Zealand Mounted Riflemen, the Cameleers and Army Nurses raised £5,400 to create the "ANZAC Memorial" for those fallen in Sinai and Palestine.(Kia Ora Coo-ee 1918)
Just before the Armistice in 1918, the EEF recorded 5,905 total mechanical trandsports in operation. This did not include the RAF or other Allied contingents.
Motor Cycles - 1,523.
Touring Cars - 617
Motor Ambulances - 586
Lorries, including gun, workshop, store lorries etc. - 1,579
Vans - 670
Caterpillar tractors - 281
Caterpillar trucks and other trailers - 612
Motor boats - 37 (source: Allenby - "The Advance of the EEF" page 96)
The number of troops in action from New Zealand during the Boer War 1899 - 1902

"Between 7th January and 31st May 1916, 1,166 officers and 5,512 other ranks attended and passed in the various classes at the School of Instruction at Zietoun, Egypt - Besides the ordinary courses, for officers and non-commissioned officers, it holds machine gun, Lewis gun, signal and telephone, artillery, Stokes gun, and grenadier classes. (source: General Murray despatch sep 1916).

Turkish and German troops either killed, wounded or taken prisoner out of a force of 18000 in action during the Battle of Romani.
"At six o'clock next morning the convoy of fourteen ships sailed away in single file for an unknown destination, conveying 9,000 trained and equipped men as New Zealand's first contribution to assist the Motherland in the fight for freedom…"(official WMR)
Tons was the size of the largest troop Transporter sent from New Zealand with the Main Body.  She was the S.S. Athenic, designated H.M.N.Z.T.11, she departed Lytelton with members of the Canterbury Mounted Rifles.
"I would especially mention the loan of the Egyptian Army Hospital at Cairo, complete with equipment, to the New Zealand Division; the purchase in the Sudan of over 14,000 riding and baggage camels, the collection, veterinary examination, and dispatch of which threw a large amount of additional work upon the province staffs..." (source General Murray, despatch Oct 1916).
"Thus ended the second battle of Gaza. Of all the formations engaged the Anzac Mounted Division suffered the least, owing to its function on the first two days of the battle, being to protect the British right flank. The New Zealand Brigade lost seven killed and 81 wounded only for the three days, while the total casualties to the British Forces during the second Gaza operations amounted to approximately 14,000 men." (source: NZSP)
To keep the NZMR Brigade up to strength throughout the war a total of 17,723 all ranks left New Zealand. (nzsp)
18,000 men defeated August 8/9th 1916.
"The complete result of the operations in the Qatia district was the decisive defeat of an enemy force amounting in all to some 18,000, including 15,000 rifles. Some 4,000 prisoners, including 50 officers, were captured, and, from the number of enemy dead actually buried, it is estimated that the total number of enemy casualties amounted to about 9,000. In addition, there were captured 1 Krupp 75 mm. mountain battery of four guns complete with all accessories and 400 rounds of ammunition." (source: General Maxwell, despatch Sep 1916).
On April 16th 1917 Intelligence reports concluded there were 25,000 Turko-German troops in and around Gaza.
"8,500 men at Gaza, 4,500 immediately east of Gaza. 2,000 in the Great Atawineh Redoubt. 6,000 at Abu Hareia and possibly a Garrison strength at Beersheba -not known." (source NZSP)
tons and 640 feet long, H.M.S. Queen Elizabeth was the only modern warship to participate during the actions at Gallipoli in 1915.  Launched in 1913, Her 4 x 15inch and 12 x 6 inch guns supplied valuable support during the landings.  She was initially the flagship of General Sir Ian Hamilton on the 25th March 1915, but after the sinking of H.M.S. Goliath on May 12th by a Turkish torpedo boat she was withdrawn to a safer position.
In July 1917, The Camel Transport Corps (C.T.C.) consisted of sixteen companies and two depots, the total strength of burden camels being 32,712. Eleven of those companies (2,000 camels per company) were heavy burden camels and were attached to East Force. Five light burden companies (2,000 camels per company) were employed on lines of communication with detachments on the western front at Matruth, Sollum and Baharia.
(source: General Allenby - The Advance of the EEF - Official Sources).
Australians died (all causes) during the Great War. Sources: The War Office, Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire During the Great War, 1914-1920, (London 1922)
AWM133 Nominal Roll of the AIF abroad
AWM144 Roll of Honour Cards, First World War
New Zealand soldiers were casualties during WWI. This figure made up of 18,000 killed and 55,000 wounded out of a total of 110,000 men mobilised or 66%.

By November 1918, 504 Officers and 100,002 Egyptian men were employed in the Egyptian Labour Corps. The figures built up rapidly from January 1916 when initially 39 Officers and 2,073 men were employed. Mainly used to construct the railway across the Sinai they were used in many other areas - road making, well constucction.
In August 1916: 88 Officers, 24,838 Men
In August 1917: 292 Officers, 55,502 Men
In August 1918: 418 Officers, 85,547 Men
In November 1918: 504 Officers, 100,002 Men
(Source: Allenby - "The Advance of the EEF")

Australians who registered for Military service stated they were 'Tradesmen', the largest number.  Second where 'Labourers' at 99,252.  Followed by Country Callings at 57,430.  Clerical at 24,340.  Professional at 15,719.  Miscellaneous 14,122. Seafaring 6,562 and Nurses 2,063. source:The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918 Vol XI.
The volume of Military Statistics gives the total strength of the British Expeditionary Forces in Egypt and Palestine on 1st February, 1917, as over 158,000, including 7,500 Indians. Upwards of 50 per cent. of the total were infantry. Not all of these, of course, were up on the Palestine Front; at the second Battle of Gaza, three British infantry divisions and two mounted divisions were in action.  “Official History of the War” (Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine), Vol. I, p. 280. (David lloyd George Memoirs)
A daily average of 187,000 words were being sent by the Signal Services through the Telegraph System at the end of the war in the Middle East.
Daily average (a) Divisional Headquarters - 12,000
Daily average (b) Corps Headquarters - 25,000
Daily average (c) General Headquarters - 90,000
Daily average (d) Kantara - 60,000
(Source: Allenby - "The Advance of the EEF" page 88)
Australian casualities during WWI. This figure made up of 59,000 killed and 152,000 wounded out of 331,000 men mobilised or 64%.
Australians enlisted and served overseas 1914-18. Sources: The War Office, Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire During the Great War, 1914-1920, (London 1922)
AWM133 Nominal Roll of the AIF abroad
AWM144 Roll of Honour Cards, First World War
Australians enlisted in the AIF (includes AFC) -- 13.43 percent of the white male population and probably about half the eligible men.Sources: The War Office, Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire During the Great War, 1914-1920, (London 1922)
AWM133 Nominal Roll of the AIF abroad
AWM144 Roll of Honour Cards, First World War
Rounds of S.A.A. (small arms ammunition) "expended" by Chaytor Force on the advance of Amman.
Turkish casualties during WWI.  This figure made up of 336,000 killed and 400,000 wounded out of 1,600,000 men mobilised or 46%.
"The Statstics of the Military Effort of the British Empire" shows that the total number of Dominion troops which were sent overseas during the War, or were undergoing training for service on the 1st November 1918 was 984,612 men... The highest percentage of a white male population recruited was attained by New Zealand at 19.35% followed by Canada 13.48% and Australia at 13.43%, South Africa 11.12% but an addition 50,000 troops served in German SW Africa. (source: p2006 - David Lloyd George Memoirs)
German casualties during WWI.  This figure made up of 1,718,000 killed and 4,234,000 wounded out of 11,000,000 men mobilised or 54%
1.3 million troops from India served in the Great War. (source: p2010 - David Lloyd George Memoirs).
Great Britian casualties during WWI.  This figure made up of 703,000 killed and 1,663,000 wounded out of 5,397,000 men mobilised or 44%
5million gallons of water destroyed.
"On the eastern front there was comparatively little activity during the month of June, beyond the usual patrols and reconnaissances, which were actively carried out. A column of Australian Light Horse, with detachments of engineers and of Bikanir Camel Corps, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel T. J. Todd, D.S.O., successfully executed the task of draining the rock cisterns and pools in the Wadi Um Muksheib, some 40 miles S.E. of Ismailia, between 10th and 14th June. Some 5,000,000 gallons of water were disposed of in four days and nights of continuous effort, and the fact that every man and animal that left railhead on 10th June returned safely testifies to the efficiency of the staff arrangements." (source: General Murray, despatch Oct 1916)
Over eight million horses died in WW1. (source "Animals in War" and British War Office records)

Queen Alexandra's Mounted Rifles